Education is the fourth largest source of exports from the U. S. behind: royalties and license fees, business, professional, and technical services and financial services.
Approximately 10% of all U.S. undergraduate students study abroad. The most popular fields of study are the social sciences, business and management and the humanities. The United Kingdom was the number one destination followed by Italy, Spain, France and China.
According to data compiled by the Education Policy Strategy Associates, the most affordable international colleges in the world are located in: Finland, Norway, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, The Netherlands, France, Latvia, Canada, New Zealand, England and Wales, USA, Australia, Japan and Mexico.
The Fulbright New Century Scholars have examined access and equity in higher education around the world. Some of the issues they investigated are: quality of academic programs, physical infrastructure of the university, curricula development, faculty standards, access for low income students, assessment and quality assurance.
Although the decline in international student enrollment in the United States was exacerbated by the events of September 11, 2001, the decline in the number of international students began long before that time. In 1970 the U.S. market share of international students studying outside their home country was 36.7%. In 1995 the number was 30%. In 2004 it was 25% and by 2009 that percentage was 20%.
Twenty-five years ago, nearly 80% of all international students wanted to stay in the United States after graduation. Currently, many international students, including students from China and India, consider employment opportunities in their own countries better than the work opportunities in the United States.
The governments of India and China will pour millions of dollars in the future to develop and strengthen their own universities.
The U.K., Australia, New Zealand, France, Germany, Singapore, Malaysia and China are increasing their market share of the international student population.
In the Middle East the educational outreach policies of The United Arab Emirates and Qatar continue to internationalize the region and its student population.
The United Arab Emirates has announced plans to boost space science in higher education as well as space research and development. The plan will position the UAE as a regional hub for space science and education.
There are more women enrolling in higher education worldwide than men.
Future international educational enrollment is tied to the world economic outlook. College and university enrollment, especially in Europe, will be impacted for a long time by the economic distress experienced in many European countries.
An uncertain financial future is forcing many U.K. students to forego the traditional gap year and enroll directly into college or university.